What is autism in children ?

What is autism in children :

What is autism in children ? Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an impairment of growth caused by differences in the brain. Scientists do not yet know exactly what causes these differences in most people with this disease. However, some people with ASD share a genetic problem, and it can be said that there are multiple causes of autism in children, even if most of them are not yet known.

Children with autism often do not distinguish themselves from others in form, but they may communicate, interact, act and learn differently from most other people, and the learning, thinking, and problem-solving skills of people with autism may range from talent to severe difficulties , Some of them need a lot of help in their daily lives, while others need less help and attention.

Autism begins before the age of 3 and continues throughout a person’s life, but symptoms may improve over time. Symptoms may not appear until after 24 months or more, some children may develop normally until about 18 to 24 months and then stop acquiring new skills, or lose the skills they have learned previously, and studies have shown that a third to half of the parents of children who suffer from Autism noticed the infection before their first birthday, while 80% – 90% noticed the problem 24 months old.

social skills:

Social problems are one of the most common symptoms in autistic children. Children with autism not only have social “difficulties” like shyness, but they also have real social problems on a daily basis.

Social symptoms:

  1. The child does not respond when his name is called before 12 months of age.
  2. Avoid eye contact.
  3. Preference to play alone.
  4. Non-participation of others.
  5. Acts only when it wants to get something or reach a certain goal.
  6. Facial expressions are flat or inappropriate for the situation.
  7. Does not understand personal privacy limits.
  8. Avoid or resist physical contact.
  9. He has trouble understanding other people’s feelings, or talking about his own feelings.

Communication and Connection skills:

Autistic children have different communication skills, some of whom can speak well, while others cannot speak at all or speak very little. About 40% of autistic children do not speak at all, about 25% – 30% of them know each other. Words from 12 to 18 years old, and then forget or stop using them after that.

Examples of connection problems:

  • Delayed speaking and language skills.
  •  Repeat phrases again and again.
    Reverse pronouns (for example, say “you” instead of “me”).
  •  Gives unrelated answers to the question.
  •  Not pointing or responding to the signal.
  • Uses little or no gestures (for example, does not wave a goodbye).
  •  Speak or sing in a flat, robot-like voice.
  •  Don’t pretend to play (for example, don’t pretend to “feed” a doll).
  •  Does not understand jokes, ridicule, or teasing.

Unusual interests and behaviors:

Many people with autism have unusual interests or behaviors. Examples abound:

  • Play the same way every time.
  • Very organized.
  • Upset by minor changes.
  • He has an obsession with some things.
  • Likes to follow certain procedures.
  •  Be dazzled or dazed when seeing certain parts of items, such as spinning the wheels of a toy car.
  •  Has extreme sensitivity to light and loud noises, yet cannot feel pain.

Preparation counselor Dr. Fatin Mirza :

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